enVeleučilište studija sigurnosti (VSS)
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enVeleučilište studija sigurnosti (VSS)
hr     en

Basics of Cybersecurity: A Beginner’s Guide

In today’s digital age, cybersecurity has become an indispensable part of daily life. Whether we use the internet for business, communication, or entertainment, every online activity carries a certain risk. This article provides a basic overview of cybersecurity, key threats, and tips on how to protect your data and privacy.

What is Cybersecurity?

Key Threats in Cybersecurity

Malware: Short for “malicious software,” malware is any program or file intended to harm a user’s computer, network, or server. Common types of malware include viruses, worms, trojans, and spyware.

Phishing: This social engineering technique uses fake emails, text messages, or websites to deceive users into disclosing their personal information, such as passwords and credit card numbers.

Ransomware: A type of malware that locks a user’s system or files and demands a ransom for their return. Ransomware attacks can have devastating consequences for individuals and organizations.

DDoS Attacks: Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks a network or server with traffic, causing it to become unavailable to users.

Insider Threats: Threats that come from within an organization, whether current or former employees, contractors, or business partners with access to sensitive information.

Basic Principles of Cybersecurity

Authentication: Verifying the identity of users to ensure that only authorized individuals have access to certain resources. Two-factor authentication (2FA) is an effective way to add extra security.

Encryption: The process of encoding data to make it unreadable to unauthorized users. Encrypting data in transit and at rest is a crucial aspect of data protection.

Updates and Patches: Regularly updating software and applying security patches helps protect systems from the latest threats and vulnerabilities.

Security Policies and Education: Implementing clear security policies and regularly educating employees about security threats and practices is key to creating a security-aware work environment.

Data Backup: Regularly backing up data ensures that critical information can be recovered in case of an attack or system failure.

How to Protect Yourself and Your Organization

Use Strong Passwords: Passwords should be complex, unique for each account, and regularly changed. Using a password manager can simplify this process.

Be Cautious with Emails and Links: Do not open suspicious emails or click on unknown links. Always verify the authenticity of the source.

Install and Update Antivirus Software: A quality antivirus program can detect and remove malware before it causes damage.

Use a VPN: Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) secure your internet traffic and protect your privacy, especially when using public Wi-Fi networks.

Monitor and Analyze Network Traffic: Using network monitoring tools can help detect unusual activities that may indicate security threats.

Cybersecurity requires constant vigilance and proactive measures. By understanding the basic threats and applying best practices, you can significantly reduce the risk of cyber attacks and protect your data. Staying informed and educated about new threats and technologies ensures a safer digital environment for yourself and your organization.